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网址

原文出处:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_mail_servers

(下表2022-5-21 08:28:32更新-为方便不能浏览维基网页的网友…表格系copy自维基网页)

特性

OS supportProtocol supportFeaturesStorageLicense
Mail serverLinux/UnixWindowsmacOSSMTPPOP3IMAPJMAPIDLESMTPSPOP3SIPv6SSLDANEWebmailActiveSyncSieveIDN/UTF8DatabaseFile-based
agorum coreYesYesNoYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNo?YesNoGPLv2
Apache JamesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?Yes?NoNoYes?YesYesASLv2
AxigenYesYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYes?Ajax, Basic & MobileYesYesYesEmbedded, Optimized for Email & GroupwareYesProprietary (free version: 5 domains, 5 users, 5 groups)
CitadelYesNoYesYesYesYes?NoYesYesYesYes?YesNoYes?YesNoGPLv3
CommuniGate ProYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYes?YesYes?YesYesYesProprietary (Free for up to 5 users)
Courier Mail ServerYesNoYesYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesNoYesNomaildropYesNomaildirGPLv3+[2]
Cyrus IMAPYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYes[3]YesYesYesNoNoNoYesNo[4]Indexes onlyYesBSD 4-clause[5]
DovecotYes[6]NoYesYes[7]YesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNoYesmaildir, mbox, dbox, mdbox, obox[8]Mixed: MIT and LGPL-2.1[9]
Eudora Internet Mail ServerNoNoYesYesYesYes??NoNo?No?NoNo??NoNoProprietary
EximYesYes (via Cygwin)YesYesDovecot, UW IMAPDovecot, UW IMAP?Dovecot, UW IMAPYesNoYesYesYes[10]NoNoYesYesYesYesGPLv2+[11]
FirstClassYesYesYesYesYesYes??YesYes?Yes?YesYes??YesYesProprietary
Gordano Messaging SuiteYesYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYes?Yes?YesYesNo?YesYesProprietary
GroupWiseYesYesNoYesYesYes??YesYes?Yes?YesYes??YesNoProprietary
HalonYesNoNoYesNoNo?NoYesNoYesYesYes[12]NoNo?YesYesYesProprietary
HarakaYesYesYesYesNoNo?NoYesNoYesYes?NoNo?YesYesYesMIT
hMailServerNoYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYes?YesNo?NoYesYesGNU AGPL
IBM Lotus DominoYesYesNoYesYesYes?NoYesYesYesYesNoYesNo?YesYesNoProprietary
IceWarp Mail ServerYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNo?YesYesProprietary
Ipswitch IMail ServerNoYesNoYesYesYes?Yes (since v12.2)[13]YesYes?Yes?YesYes??NoYesProprietary
Kerio ConnectYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYes?YesYesYes?NoYesProprietary
KolabYesNoNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYesGPLv3
KopanoYesNoNopostfix, etc.[14]YesYesNoYespostfixYesYesYespostfixYesz-pushNoYesSQLYesAGPLv3, paid[15]
MailsiteNoYesNoYesYesYes??YesYes?Yes?YesYesYes?YesYesProprietary
MailtraqNoYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYes?Yes?YesNo??YesYesProprietary
MDaemonNoYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNot IMAPNoYesProprietary
Mercury Mail Transport SystemNoYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesNoYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesProprietary donationware
Microsoft Exchange ServerNoYesNoYesYesYesNoYes[16][17]YesYesYes [18]YesNoYesYes3rd Party supportNot IMAPYesYesProprietary
NetMailYesYesNoYesYesYes??YesYes?Yes?YesNo??YesNoProprietary
OpenSMTPDYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNo[19]NoNo?Novia custom backendsYesISC
Open-XchangeYesNoNoYesYesYes??YesYes?Yes?YesYes??YesNoProprietary/SaaS, with open-source parts[20]
Oracle Communications Messaging ServerYesNoNoYesYesYes??YesYes?Yes?YesNo?YesYesYesProprietary
PostfixYesNoYesYesDovecot, UW IMAPDovecot, UW IMAP?Dovecot, UW IMAPYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesIBM Public License
qmailYesNoYesYesYesDovecot, UW IMAP?Dovecot, UW IMAPNoDovecot, UW IMAPvia QsmtpNoNoNoNo??(cdb)YesPublic domain
QpopperYesYes (via Cygwin)YesNoYesNo?NoNoYes?Yes?NoNo??NoYesBSD-style (GPL-incompatible)[21]
ScalixYesNoNoYesYesYes?YesYes (via Stunnel)Yes (via Stunnel)?Yes (via Stunnel)?YesYes??YesYesProprietary with OSS parts, a community (Freeware) and 3 paid editions (SMB, Enterprise, Hosting)
SendmailYesNoYesYesDovecot, UW IMAPDovecot, UW IMAP?Dovecot, UW IMAPYesNoYesYesYes (since 8.16)[22]NoNoNoYes?YesSendmail License
SparkEngineYesYesYesYesNoNo?NoYesNo?Yes?NoNo??YesYesProprietary
UW IMAPYesYesYesNoYesYes?YesNoYesYesYesNoWebPineNoNo?Yes (Indexes)YesApache License 2.0[23]
WinGateNoYesNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesNoYes?YesNo??NoYesProprietary
ZarafaYesNoNopostfix etc.[14]YesYesNoYespostfixYesYesYespostfixYesz-pushNoNoSQLYesAGPLv3, paid[15]
ZentyalYesNoNoYesYesYes?YesYesYesNoYes?YesYes??YesYesProprietary, 45-day trial
ZimbraYesNoYesYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesZPL and proprietary editions[24]
Mail serverLinux/UnixWindowsmacOSSMTPPOP3IMAPJMAPIDLESMTPSPOP3SIPv6SSLDANEWebmailActiveSyncSieveIDN/UTF8DatabaseFile-basedLicense

验证

Mail serverSMTP AUTHPOP before SMTPAPOPFile SystemDatabaseLDAPNative Anti Hammer – Brute-force attack protectionOther
agorum coreYesNoNoNoYesYes?PLAIN, LOGIN, CRAM-MD5,[25] NTLM
Apache JamesYes???YesYes?PLAIN, LOGIN
AxigenYesNoYesYesNoYesNoGSSAPI, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] APOP, CLRTXT, LOGIN, PLAIN, LDAP, Internal
CommuniGate ProYesYesYesYesYesYes?Active Directory (LDAP), CLRTXT, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] APOP, GSSAPI, NTLM, MSN, SESSIONID, External Authentication Plug-in. Also supports X.509 PKI auth via STARTTLS/SSL
Courier Mail ServerYesYesYesYesYesYes?Managed by Courier authentication library which can use PAM, Userdb, PostgreSQL(beta), MySQL, LDAP, and EXTERNAL.
Cyrus IMAPYesYesYesYesYesYes?Supports X.509 PKI auth via STARTTLS and EXTERNAL. Uses Cyrus SASL authentication library for support for other mechanisms: Berkeley DB, GDBM, or NDBM (sasldb), PAM, MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, LDAP, Active Directory(LDAP), DCE, Kerberos 4 and 5, proxied IMAP auth, getpwent, shadow, SIA, Courier Authdaemon, httpform, APOP and SASL mechanisms: ANONYMOUS, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] SCRAM-SHA-1(-PLUS), SCRAM-SHA-224(-PLUS), SCRAM-SHA-256(-PLUS), SCRAM-SHA-384(-PLUS), SCRAM-SHA-512(-PLUS), EXTERNAL, GSSAPI, LOGIN, NTLM, OTP, PASSDSS, PLAIN, SRP
DovecotYesYesYesYesYesYes?Submission service supports SMTP AUTH.[7] Offers SASL to MTAs.[27][28] POP-before-SMTP via DRAC plugin. PAM, MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, LDAP, Active Directory(LDAP), Kerberos 5, proxied IMAP auth, getpwent, shadow, SIA, BSDauth, Vpopmail. APOP and SASL mechanisms: ANONYMOUS, PLAIN, LOGIN, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] SCRAM-SHA-1, EXTERNAL, GSSAPI, NTLM, OTP, SKEY, RPA.
Eudora Internet Mail ServerYesNoYesYesNoNoYesCRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] PLAIN, LOGIN
EximYesYesYesYesYesYes?Cyrus SASL, Dovecot SASL, GNU SASL, CRAM-MD5,[25] Heimdal GSSAPI, PLAIN, LOGIN, SPA
FirstClassYes??YesYesYes?
Gordano Messaging SuiteYesYesYesNoYesYes?PLAIN, LOGIN, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] APOP, ODBC, Active Directory, NT Domain
GroupWiseYesYesYesYesYesYes?eDirectory, Any LDAPv3-compliant source
HalonYesNoNoYesYesYes?Many mechanism (SMTP callout, Dovecot SASL, REST, etc.) via script.[29]
HarakaYesNoNoYesYesYes?Proxy to other server, any other mechanism via AUTH plugins.
IceWarp Mail ServerYesYesYesYesYesYes?PLAIN, LOGIN, CRAM-MD5,[25] NTLM
Ipswitch IMail ServerYesNoYesYesYesYesYesActive Directory, Windows authentication, CRAM-MD5,[25] PLAIN, LOGIN
KolabYesYesYesYesYesYes?Kolab employs Cyrus and Postfix and thus supports all Cyrus SASL authentication methods and X.509 PKI auth via STARTTLS and EXTERNAL.
MailsiteYesNoYesYesYesYes?NT Domain, Active Directory, PLAIN, LOGIN, NTLM, SCRAM-MD5, CRAM-MD5[25]
MailtraqYesYesYesYesYesYes?NT Domain, Active Directory, Local Directory
MDaemonYesNoYesNoNoYesYes
Mercury Mail Transport SystemYesYesYesYesNo??Internal, LOGIN, PLAIN, CRAM-MD5,[25] Netware, LDAP?, partial NT Domain
Microsoft Exchange ServerYes?YesNoNoYesYesActive Directory, LOGIN,[30] NTLM
NetMailYesYesYesYesYesYes?eDirectory, LDAP
OpenSMTPDYesNoNoYesYesYes?By default PLAIN and LOGIN over SSL only, Certificates, bsd_auth and PAM. Supports adding new authentication mechanisms through custom backends.
Oracle Communications Messaging ServerYesYesYesYesYesYes?Plain, Login, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] Certificate
PostfixYesNoNoYesYesYesYesSupports all Cyrus SASL authentication methods except for APOP.
qmailwith patchwith vpopmailYesYesYesYes?Works with any checkpassword utility. The original supports only LOGIN and PLAIN. Alternate checkpassword utilities support authentication against PAM, LDAP, and databases.
QpopperNoYesYesYesYesYes?Pluggable Authentication Modules, GSSAPI, CRAM-MD5,[25] DIGEST-MD5,[26] APOP, PLAIN, LDAP, CMU SASL library, Kerberos
ScalixYes?YesYesYesYes?Internal, LOGIN, PLAIN, X.500 (DAP), LDAP, OpenLDAP, Active Directory, eDirectory, Kerberos, etc.
SendmailYesYesNoYesYesYes?Supports all Cyrus SASL authentication methods except for APOP. Also supports X.509 PKI auth via STARTTLS and EXTERNAL.
WinGateYesYesYesYesYesNo?NT Domain, Active Directory, CRAM-MD5,[25] SASL PLAIN, SASL LOGIN
ZarafaYesNoNoYesYesYes?PLAIN, LOGIN using internal backends: Internal, Active Directory, any LDAP-compatible source, Unix
ZentyalYesYesYesYesYesYes?Active Directory using Dovecot SASL mechanisms
ZimbraYesNoYesYesYesYes?Internal, LDAP, Open LDAP, Active Directory
Mail serverSMTP AUTHPOP before SMTPAPOPFile SystemDatabaseLDAPNative Anti Hammer – Brute-force attack protectionOther

反垃圾特性

Mail ServerDNSBLSURBLSpamtrapsGreylistingSPFDKIMDMARCTarpitBayesian filtersRegular expressionsEmbedded AntivirusEmbedded Antispam
agorum coreNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Apache James????????Yes?Yes ClamAV[31]Optional (Apache SpamAssassin)
AxigenYesNoYesYesYesYes?NoYes, in SpamAssassinYesYes CYRENYes CYREN
CitadelYesYesNoNoOptional (via SpamAssassin)??NoOptional (via SpamAssassin)NoOptional (ClamAV)Optional (SpamAssassin)
Courier Mail ServerYes?YesYes[32]YesYes[33]Yes[34]YesYes[32]Yes[32]Yes ClamavYes[32]
DovecotNo[35]No??????????
Eudora Internet Mail ServerYes?YesYes????????
EximYesYesYesYesOptional at build timeYesOptional at build timeYesOptional with spamassassin etc.YesOptional anyOptional any
FirstClassYesYesNo?Yes??YesYesYesYes Symantec?
Gordano Messaging SuiteYesYesYesYesYes??YesYesYesYes CYREN, AuthentiumYes CYREN
GroupWiseYes???????????
HalonYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesOptional (via SpamAssassin)YesOptional (Sophos, ClamAV)Optional (CYREN, SpamAssassin)
HarakaYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesOptional with spamassassin etc.YesOptional ClamAV, AVG, any via pluginsOptional SpamAssassin, MessageSniffer
hMailServerYesYesNoYesYesYes?NoNoYesYes ClamAVYes SpamAssassin
IBM NotesYes[36]???No[37]???????
IceWarp Mail ServerYesYesYesYesYes??YesYesYesYesYes
Ipswitch IMail ServerYesYesNoNoYesYes[38]Yes[39]NoYesYesYes Symantec, BitDefenderYes CYREN
KolabYes??YesYes???Optional with spamassassin etc.YesOptional (via content filter interface)Optional (via content filter interface)
MailsiteYesYesYesYesYes??NoYesYesYesYes
Mailtraq????????????
MDaemonYesYes (via SpamAssassin)YesYesYesYesYesYesYes (via SpamAssassin)Yes (via Content Filter)Optional Cyren, ClamAVYes SpamAssassin
Mercury Mail Transport SystemYes??Yes (GreyWall extension)????Yes (SpamHalter extension)?Yes (ClamWall extension)?
Microsoft Exchange ServerYes (2003 & later)??YesYesOptional (Signing only via 3rd Party Extensions)?Yes (2003 & later)????
NetMail????????????
OpenSMTPD????YesYes[40]??????
Oracle Communications Messaging ServerYesYesYesYesYes??YesOptional with spamassassin etc.YesOptional anyOptional any
PostfixYes??YesYesOptional[41]Optional[42]?Optional with spamassassin etc.YesOptional (via content filter interface)Optional (via content filter interface)
qmail???Yes????No?NoNo
ScalixYesYes (via Scalix AntiSpam powered by Cyren or SpamAssassin)Yes (via Scalix AntiSpam powered by Cyren or SpamAssassin)YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes (via Scalix ZeroHour AntiVirus powered by Cyren or ClamAV)Yes
SendmailYesYes (via milter/SA)?YesOptionalOptional[41]Optional[42]?Optional with spamassassin etc.YesYes ClamAVYes SpamAssassin
SparkEngine????????????
UW IMAP????????????
WinGate????????????
ZarafaExternal[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]External[14]
ZimbraYesYes (via SpamAssassin)?Yes (via Cluebringer Policy Daemon)YesYes?YesYesYes (partially)Yes (via ClamAV, optionally any via Amavisd)Yes (via SpamAssassin)
Mail ServerDNSBLSURBLSpamtrapsGreylistingSPFDKIMDMARCTarpitBayesian filtersRegular expressionsEmbedded AntivirusEmbedded Antispam

其他邮局套件或面板

9 Best Mail Servers for Windows 2022(邮局套件)

  • hMail Server: Windows
  • MailEnable: Windows
  • Zimbra: Linux
  • Apache James: JAVA邮件服务器 支持Linux/Windows
  • Axigen Free email server: windows/Linux
  • FirstClass:
  • Kolab Groupware: Linux
  • iRedMail: Linux
  • Zentyal: Linux 收费
Mail ServerSMTPPOP3IMAPJMAPIMAP IDLESMTP over TLSPOP over TLSIPv6SSLWebmailActiveSync
hMail Server
MailEnable
Zimbra
AxigenAjax, Basic & Mobile
Apache James
FirstClass
Kolab Groupware
iRedMail
Docker
Zentyal

Ewomail邮局套件:Linux

需纯净新安装好的centnos,国人开发,开源.有webmail.具体尚未尝试.

LINUX服务器面板CyberPanel

可用Linux平台下的CyberPanel面板安装邮局及dns server等.web服务器使用OpenLiteSpeed/LiteSpeed

教学视频:

youtube: Create Your Own Email Server (Free Quick Setup) with CyberPanel

LIUNX服务器面板HestiaCP

可用Linux(Debian或Ubuntu)平台下的HestiaCP面板安装邮局及dns server等.web服务器使用nginx.

教学视频:

B站:自带邮件服务!宝塔面板替代品——HestiaCP 面板 保姆级教程

国产linux面板宝塔

可简单搭建邮件服务器.有反垃圾邮件功能.没有客户独立的web邮箱,想使用web只能宝塔管理员在宝塔面板里简单使用一下.邮局具体组件不知道.

特性:面板的web服务器为nginx/apach/openLitespeed,脚本可选择PHP各版本,数据库mysql/MongoDB,还有docker,以及缓存等.有免费的nginx防火墙和系统防火墙.有丰富的环境PHP/node/java/GO

缺点:①只能建立独立域名的邮箱,例如@xxx.com,而不能建立@111.xxx.com;@222.xxx.com;②域名不能使用IDN域名(这个似乎也不大算缺点)

国产linux面板amh

完整的邮局套件.具体组件为:postfix(发信),dovecot(收信),amsmtp(smtp服务器),squirrelmail(webmail)

特性:面板的web服务器为nginx/apache,脚本可选择PHP各版本,数据库可选择mysql各版本.以及缓存等

优点:免费的mysql主从同步插件;免费的文件同步(客户端/服务端)插件.(宝塔则是收费插件)

缺点:①免费版必须30天续签一次,次数无限;②没有免费的nginx防火墙;③没有宝塔丰富的环境,例如php以外的node/java/GO…当然这些小缺点不算什么,纯属我单纯的吹毛求疵罢了.

备注

后期会长期更新本博文…

如果大家想搭建中文邮箱地址(IDN/UTF8),比如:[email protected]佳明.cn,可以选择 IDN/UTF8选项为yes的邮件服务器.

English:https://it.cnsjm.cn/15.html

2022-9-22 18:10:32最后更新

作者 申佳明

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